The new outbreak of Xylella fastidiosa has been detected in the same containment area where the first outbreak appeared and is already being dealt with in the region of the Marina Baixa, Alicante
The Minister of Agriculture, Environment, Climate Change and Rural Development of the Generalitat Valenciana, Elena Cebrián, has reported to the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries, Food and Environment the appearance of a second outbreak of Xylella fastidiosa, detected in the same area of containment that is already being treated for the first outbreak, in the region of the Marina Baixa, Alicante.
The new affected point has been confirmed by the Institut Valencià d’Investigacions Agràries (—IVIA— The Valencia Institute for Agricultural Research), in three samples of almond trees analysed in the town area of Benimantell. The IVIA is the national reference laboratory for bacteria. The first outbreak was confirmed on the 29th of June on a plot in Castell de Guadalest. The new finding reinforces the relevance of the control and eradication measures that have been adopted, recalls the Minister of Agriculture, Environment, Climate Change and Rural Development, Elena Cebrián, in order to stop the disease spreading.
The second outbreak has been detected at a distance of about one kilometre from the first. As it was done with the previous outbreak, a security buffer zone of 10 kilometres will be established around the affected area.
The Department of Agriculture of the Valencia regional government, has prepared a new resolution by which it confirms the second affected point in the Region of Valencia, and through which it establishes that the subspecies of the bacteria found is called multiplex; the demarcated area is being redefined as a result of the new findings, and it is mandatory to comply with the phytosanitary measures to be adopted.
At the moment, all samples that have proved positive in the laboratory correspond to Prunus dulcis (almond). In the mentioned area, there are also other almond and olive groves. In the sampling of the second plot, eight samples of olive and one of walnut were also taken and appeared with negative results. Overall, of the 109 samples analysed and from which results have already been obtained, only almonds have provided a positive result.
With the data available, the infection is limited to Prunus Dulcis, although its exact extension remains unknown. The case of negative results in almonds also exists. In addition, samples of oleander, avocado, carob, cherry, fig, rosemary and willow have been sampled close to the affected areas and have ended with similar negative results.
In the coming days and as required, the regional government will forward the Plan of Action to the European Union, the measures of which have already come into effect. The Regional Ministry will send a funding proposal for the distribution of funds in 2017, so that it is discussed at the next Agriculture Sectoral Conference. The aim of the regional government, is that the biggest support provided by the central government is not to just cover the financial aid needed for Xylella disease in the Region of Valencia by diverging funds that are already allocated to other pests, such as Ceratitis capitata, but to also provide a specific, additional amount for Xylella. “We do not want a transfer of funds from one disease to another, but an increase of the net funding for pest control,” said the regional minister.
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